Girl meets boy, couple falls in love, marriage and babies follow. The Elizabethans were very practical lot. Only among the nobility would you typically find marriages between much younger parties. As a woman, you had absolutely no say in your future husband, and were expected to accept whatever wise decision your parents father made for you. You were locked in for life: Once the marriage was consummated, and unless you were the King or Queen , you were not likely to be able to obtain a divorce … since it required an Act of Parliament. On the up-side, men were persecuted by the community for abusing their wives. You could run your own own home. No one would accuse you of being a witch a distressingly common accusation leveled at single women of time, particularly older single women.
Romance and Courtship in the Edwardian Era: It wasn’t much fun.
During the Elizabethan era pamphlets were printed and distributed commenting on life in Elizabethan England. A writer of one such pamphlet was a well travelled Londoner called Philip Stubbes. He was believed to have been born c and died c
Features. Elizabethan law gave men full control over their wives. Married women were basically considered to be the property of their husbands and were expected to bring a .
Approaches to the History of the Western Family, Elizabethan Women and the Poetry of Courtship. Cambridge University Press, The Medieval Idea of Marriage. Oxford University Press, Marriage and the English Reformation. Shakespeare and Home Life. Texas Tech Press, Morals and the Church Courts.
Ten Facts on the Elizabethan Times
Gambling during Elizabethan was a normal pastime. Included here is a compilation of a number of card games that were played during the time period in question. If you are interested in a source for Elizabethan era playing cards contact me. Another source for card games is at the link maintained by John McLeod.
The marriage age of men was probably the same or a bit older than that of women. (In , it was about 23 for women, 26 for men.) The age of consent was 12 for a girl, 14 for a boy, but for most children puberty came two or three years later than it does today.
This paper is a result of a simple question: I began my research under the impression that I would quickly find an answer–after all, the dress of 16th century is a popular subject among costume historians. English dress in particular has been well-researched, and I expected to find what I needed in such landmark publications as Janet Arnold’s Patterns of Fashion: In addition, the century is recent enough archeologically that a substantial amount of material evidence still exists for first-hand perusal, and the rising popularity of portrait painting during the reign of King Henry the VIII and his successor Queen Elizabeth I provided a wealth of detailed artistic evidence to use in my search.
I soon discovered, however, that my task would be more difficult than I’d imagined. Most books and articles on later 16th century dress focus primarily on the costume of the wealthy, for the simple reason that virtually all material and iconographical evidence from the time period relates to the clothing of the rich merchant class, nobility and royalty of the time. Few cooks or servants could afford to have their likeness painted; pictures and paintings showing the dress of poorer folk are relatively rare in comparison to the plethora of upper-class portraits painted during the s.
The poor didn’t wear valuable clothing that would be preserved by future generations; neither did they receive the careful burial that has helped to preserve bodies and burial clothes until a 20th century historian came around to exhume and examine them. As a result, information on the dress of the laboring class was scanty, general and relatively vague in nature.
What I did find was composed mostly of secondary sources in conjunction with a great deal of speculation to make up for the scarcity of available material or pictorial evidence. I eventually turned towards the art of the time in an attempt to see and hopefully work out for myself what I wanted to know, and after searching through several books and museum catalogs, discovered that resources were not as scarce as I’d expected.
I turned to the book Family Life in the Age of Shakespeare by Bruce Young to research historical information about marriage in the Elizabethan era. Bruce Young introduces the topic of Elizabethan marriage with the finding that “Most historians conclude that love and friendship were essential elements of English marriages throughout the entire early modern period [Renaissance]” Men and women mingled with relative freedom and there wasn’t usually a wide age gap between husbands and wives.
The average age of marriage in England through the s was for women and for men Falling in love was a “common precursor to marriage”.
Elizabethan Weddings A lot of the customs from the middle ages were still upheld during Elizabethan times. Religion still played a major roll in weddings, and ceremonies would be conducted by a priest, most likely in a church.
Music and dancing are done by all. The bride has her ladies in waiting, the groom has his attendants. The bride sometimes still wears crinoline and hoops… Most people still get married in churches. In , The Council of Westminster made it a law that marriage must be blessed by a priest, and in the 16th century it was said that the marriage must be performed by a priest with witnesses present. Dowry, property, rights, etc… would be contained in these documents.
She might sun-bleach her hair. Some women plucked their hairline. In the middle ages, it was considered fashionable to have a high forehead. Hair would be worn loose or with a garland of flowers.
1485-1600 – Women’s Hair & Headdresses
Spanning the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, this period saw unprecedented peace and prosperity in England, especially when contrasted with the times just before and after it. In Elizabethan times, poetry, music, theater and literature dominated daily life at home while the explorations of the British abroad brought a steady stream of exotic news and influences to England’s shores. In addition to an explosion of culture, the Elizabethan era contained many fascinating features. The church of England declared independence from the Catholic Church the same year the Elizabeth took power so the queen had absolute power over both church and state.
Gambling during Elizabethan was a normal pastime. Included here is a compilation of a number of card games that were played during the time period in question. If you are interested in a source for Elizabethan era playing cards contact me.
Elizabethan Era Index Elizabethan superstitions also related to special chants, omens and names and numbers. Many traditional English customs are based on the mythical relationship to superstitions dating back to the Dark Ages and even further back to the Romans and their Gods and Goddesses. Elizabethan Superstitions The origins of many superstitions are based on trust in magic or chance. An irrational belief that an object, or action, or circumstance which are not logically related to a course of events can influence its outcome.
Ignorance and fear of the unknown combined with a false conception of causation and cessation resulted in many Elizabethan superstitions. Fear of the supernatural and forces of nature or God resulted in the belief of superstitions during the Elizabethan era. Elizabethan Witches and Superstitions New Elizabethan superstitions arose due to the fear of witchcraft and the persecution of witches.
The Stucture of Elizabethan Society
See Article History Alternative Titles: Title page of the First Folio, the first published edition of the collected works of William Shakespeare; it was originally titled Mr. It may be audacious even to attempt a definition of his greatness, but it is not so difficult to describe the gifts that enabled him to create imaginative visions of pathos and mirth that, whether read or witnessed in the theatre, fill the mind and linger there. He is a writer of great intellectual rapidity, perceptiveness, and poetic power.
the close of the Elizabethan age, but it’s worth taking a moment to consider daily life in that simpler era. First of all, the average person never traveled farther than half a day’s walk.
Queen Elizabeth I was unusual in many regards. For example, she was one of a handful of English monarchs who never married. When pressed on the matter, she would answer that she was wedded to England. Her predicament was understandable. Even as a monarch, she would have been expected to submit to an arranged marriage, a practice that dated back to the Anglo-Saxons.
In fact, arranged marriages were routine throughout the Elizabethan era, which ran from to Whether royal or commoner, one’s parents almost always played a role in selecting one’s spouse. This was a firmly entrenched tradition that would last well into the 19th century. Royal Marriages When Elizabeth assumed the throne in , only two English monarchs had ever chosen their own spouses.
The purpose of a royal marriage was not love and affection but the cementing of an alliance with another country.
Understanding Astrology in the Elizabethan Era
Sometimes young people could be married off very young, in their early teens. Even among the upper classes though there were love matches “Nobody had any objections to love, so long as the price was right” as Alison Plowden says in ‘elizabethan England’ that is, so long as the person you fell in love with was of the right sort of social status and had enough money. Among the common people, it was more usual for people to choose their own marriage partners, and to marry in their mid-twenties, when they could afford to set up home together.
Young people tended to socialise in groups, as too early pairing-off was discouraged.
The Elizabethan era, spanning the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, was the golden age of British history. This time was a period of unprecedented prosperity and advances in poetry, music, theater and.
One of the fascinating things about writing historical novels is researching the various rituals of romance in your chosen period. Edwardian-era England is my favorite time, namely because it was a time of great societal change. Love and courtship, however, remained steeped in tradition. How and whom you married depended hugely on one factor: In America, wealthy industrialists had amassed great fortunes, and with no Law of Primogeniture, fathers endowed their daughters with fortunes of their own.
The gentry, finding their coffers depleted, swallowed hard and married American heiresses in order to enrich their great estates.
What was Courtship The man generally asked a woman’s father for permission to court his daughter, that implied that the man was seriously and openly desiring the responsibility of marriage. In saying “yes” to a courtship proposal, the father was granting the man permission to visit his daughter, give her gifts, accompany her to formal to social events, etc.
Marraige Customs Comparable to these days wherein every woman would look forward to that day when they have to walk in the aisle, Elizabethan marriages was also one of the highlight of every woman’s life. The chief difference between then and today, is that back then the woman possessed very little right in choosing her husband. The matrimony was arranged by families of the bride and the groom in order for the two sides to benefit from one another. Mostly, these were arranged marriages keeping wealth and reputation into consideration.
Purpose of Marriage II Marriage was when people gained independence from their families and gained their full status in society People were finally considered as adults.
From timber to plaster: This is to ignore the evidence of experimentation with plaster as a decorative medium in England before this date and leads to over-simplification in the account of subsequent developments. The history of decorative plasterwork in the mid-sixteenth century is one of interwoven strands, which the paucity of evidence makes it difficult to unravel, but the following account will attempt to clarify the issues and suggest some alternative interpretations of the surviving evidence.
No attempt will be made in this chapter to survey the history of decorative plasterwork in the sixteenth century across the whole of the British Isles, either socially or geographically. The regional studies of plasterwork which have so far been undertaken are too few in number to make such an enterprise practicable, and detailed studies of some of the most important centres, such as Bristol, remain to be attempted. It may well be that the great quantity of excellent plasterwork surviving in West Country houses of gentry and yeomen, dating from the middle of the sixteenth century onwards, represents experimentation with the new decorative medium that was to prove influential in the region; but further research is needed in this and many other localities to test this hypothesis further.
This study will, therefore, concentrate on the evidence material and documentary which points to the influential role played by the court in the dissemination of new fashions in ceiling decoration in the sixteenth century. In the first part of this chapter the innovative ceilings which were designed for Cardinal Wolsey and Henry VIII in timber and plaster in the first half of the century will be examined, and the contribution of Nicholas Bellin of Modena to the development of English plasterwork assessed.
This will be followed by a consideration of the role of royal palaces and aristocratic and senior courtier houses in the expression of these new fashions, in the medium of plaster, in the second half of the century. Although the number of examples of decorative plasterwork which fall within this last category is rather small, the houses in which they occur are scattered widely across the British Isles. The majority of them were located in London and southern England and generalisations will refer to English plasterwork but the Midlands, the north of England and Ireland are also represented.